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F1/M1学生签证

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发布时间:2017年12月20日 14:09
复查时间:2018年04月04日 17:24
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美国F1签证主要是围绕以下四个方面在审核申请人: 

★学校:为什么选择这个学校?;

★目的:为什么要去美国学习?

★资金:如何支付美国的学习?

★归国计划:如何让签证官相信你会回来?

在面签回答问题时,一定要把握该原则:去美国学习的专业和目的与将来在中国的发展有何必然的联系。这是回答问题的主线,在各个问题都应该贯穿这个原则。

F1/M1学生签证项目介绍 -immiknow

如果想要作为全日制学生在美国读书,必须申请学生签证F1/M1。

1、 F-1签证适用于学院学生(Academic Student),允许签证持有人在认可的美国学院、大学、神学院、音乐学院、中学、小学、其他学术机构或者语言培训课程完成全日制学习。

2、 M-1签证适用于职业学生(Vocational Student),允许签证持有人在职业学院、其他非学术机构、非语言培训课程。如:美容、剪裁、飞行、计算机操作、烹饪、舞蹈等进行全日制学习。

3、 F-1签证的配偶子女可以申请F-2签证,加拿大籍和墨西哥籍走读学院学生申请F-3签证。M-1签证的配偶子女可以申请M-2签证,加拿大籍和墨西哥籍走读职业学生申请M-3签证。


F1/M1学生签证申请条件 -immiknow

1、被学院、大学、语言课或者职业学院录取;

2、学校被“学生和交换访问项目”所认可;

3、申请人被录取为教育机构的全日制的学生;

4、申请人精通英语或者被录取到英语学校;

5、申请人有足够的资金满足整个学习期间;

6、海外有固定住处(完成学业后有回国打算)。


F1/M1学生签证申请流程 -immiknow

1、被一所合格的学校录取。该外籍学生首先需要向美国一所合格的学校申请入学。通常,当学生和学校联系并且表明入学意向的时候,学校会马上告知学生该学校是否具有接受国际学生的资格。想要获得学生签证,该外籍学生必须被一所有资格接受国际学生的学校录取。
2、该外籍学生被录取之后,学校会签发一张符合SEVIS要求的I-20表格给该学生。
3、拿到I-20表格之后,该学生需携带此表格到美国使领馆(该学生居住地需在使领馆领区内)申请F1学生签证。该学生必须向签证官证明:

(1)自己没有移民美国的倾向,去美国的唯一目的是学习;

(2)自己有足够资金支付在美国期间学习和生活的费用;

(3)母语不是英语的学生还必须提供英语能力的证明。


F1/M1学生签证申请费用 -immiknow

签证费用:160美元,当前汇率约为6.80人民币=1美元,合算成1088元人民币


F1/M1学生签证SEVIS费用 -immiknow


持有I-20表的非移民学生需缴纳200美元的SEVIS费。大多数持有DS-2019表的交流访问学者需缴纳180美元的SEVIS费。


F1/M1学生签证材料清单 -immiknow

1、在线填写的DS-160表格 (即美国使领馆用来处理非移民签证申请的表格),填写完之后将确认页打印出来。如果有眷属陪同申请者一起赴美,每一位眷属需单独填写一份DS-160表格。
2、一本有效护照。有效期从申请者预计到达美国之日起计算不得少于6个月。
3、一张满足如下要求的照片:
(1)正方形白色背景
(2)6个月之内拍摄
(3)尺寸为51毫米x51 毫米
(4)头部的垂直尺寸为2.5 -3.5 厘米之间
4、符合SEVIS要求的I-20表格
5、签证申请费收据
6、 财力证明

7、目前已获得的最高学历的毕业证、学位证(如适用)、成绩单


F1/M1学生签证打工实习 -immiknow

1、F1签证持有人第一学年不许校外打工,如果满足一定的条件和限制可以在校内打工。第一学年过后,F1签证持有人可以从事以下三种类型的校外工作:

(1)Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
(2)Optional Practical Training (OPT) (pre-completion or post-completion)
(3)Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Optional Practical Training Extension (OPT)

2、M1签证持有人只能在完成学业后才允许打工实习。

3. 不论F1签证还是M1签证,校外工作必须与专业一致,而且必须事先获得官方授权。



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常见问题
  • F1面签时常见的问题有哪些?

    下面是一个例子,都是出现率最高的问题,供参考。

    1. Why not continue your studies in China?

    Because my career goals are to become a senior executive in a 5-star hotel within 5 years and set up my own hotel within 10 years. In order to achieve these goals, I need advanced and professional knowledge in Hospitality Management. The US can provide the best opportunity for me to get what I need. You know, there is still a gap between Chinese educational level and the American’s. The US has the best educational recourses and models in the world, and the American education combines practical experience with classroom theory while the Chinese education focuses more on theory. Moreover, hospitality industry is highly developed in America. So I can learn the latest information about hospitality management to enrich my knowledge.

    2. How long will you study in USA?

    My I-20 form says the normal length of my program lasts 3 years but the school official told me that most students complete within 2 years of full-time study. So I will work hard to finish my studies within 2 years.

    3. What will you do in the US?

    I will study Hospitality Management for Master’s Degree at Florida International University.

    4. Why do you choose this major?

    I choose this major because of my interest and career prospect. To be specific, I have always loved living in a nice hotel and enjoyed that graceful and cozy environment. My cousin is also an executive general manager in a resort, when I was a Junior I spent some of my vacations in the resort where she was working, since then I developed more interest in hotels and I made up my mind to deal with hotel work in the future. I also found out that China is very short of talented people in star hotels, especially those with good foreign language skills and foreign educational backgrounds. I can speak 2 foreign languages, so with the advanced education in the US and my knowledge in Chinese culture, I will gain the upper hand in the Chinese hotel market.

    5. Why do you choose this University? (根据自己学校的情况来改)

    I choose this University because of several reasons. A. FIU has been ranked among the top 100 public universities in the U.S. And its hospitality and tourism program is ranked sixth. B. FIU offers internship that utilizes the hotels, resorts, restaurants, clubs and so on as practice labs for students. C. FIU has excellent professors, such as Gregory Bohan who graduated from Cornell University and Sandro Formica who has published over fifty articles in international academic journals. D. FIU’s average costs are reasonable, and it’s located in a city that has a pleasant climate similar to my hometown. This will better help me adjust to my school life abroad.

    6. What did you study before? (本科专业问题)

    --- I studied German. --- Why did you choose this major? --- I chose this major because my English teacher recommended me. My English was very good in my high school, so my English teacher thought that I could use my advantage to learn another language. German is kind of similiar with English and Xi'an International Studies University is also famous for teaching German. So I chose to study German there. --- Did you like this major? --- Well, it's a good major, but I'm interestedin Hospitality Management more since I have made up my mind to deal with hotel work in the future.

    7. Why do you change your major?

    Before I entered the University, I didn’t have a very clear and detailed career plan. When I was a Junior, I spent some of my vacations in the resort where my cousin was working as an executive general manager. Since then I developed more interests in hotels and I made up my mind to deal with hotel work in the future. My cousin also told me that China is very short of talented people in star hotels, especially those with good foreign language skills and foreign educational backgrounds. I can speak 2 foreign languages, so with the advanced education in the US and my knowledge in Chinese culture, I will gain the upper hand in the Chinese hotel market.

    8. I think your plan is hard to fulfill, I don’t believe your plan. How can you prove that to me?

    I know my ambitions are high, but I have confidence and determination to fulfill them. They are feasible! Basically speaking, China is the most suitable place for me to achieve my goals. On one hand, I can get the strongest relationship and money support in China since my parents and most of my friends live here. On the other hand, China is more suitable to start business because of its huge labor market, lower investment costs and the government support. As far as I know, starting a business needs abundant knowledge, experiences, capital and social network. I can get such knowledge from my studies in the US. Then I will gather practical experiences by working in China’s hotel industry for years, at the same time I will enlarge my social network here. When I have collected sufficient money and the time is right, I will be able to set up my own hotel.

    9. I don’t believe that you will come back. How can you prove that to me?

    Yes, I will definitely come back to China after graduation in order to achieve my goals. Basically speaking, China is the most suitable place for me to achieve my goals. On one hand, I can get the strongest relationship and money support in China since my parents and most of my friends live here. On the other hand, China is more suitable to start business because of its huge labor market, lower investment costs and the government support. In comparison, hospitality industry and education are highly developed in the US, there is no shortage of talented people, the competition there is higher, so this will be difficult for me to reach my goals. In addition, China is very short of talented people in star hotels, especially those with good foreign language skills and foreign educational backgrounds. I can speak 2 foreign languages, so with the advanced education in the US and my knowledge about Chinese cultures, I will gain the upper hand in the Chinese hotel market.  Considered all the reasons I have mentioned, I will come back to China.

    10. You have too little working experience, you may not understand your future clearly. I think you should stay in China to collect more working experiences before pursuing a Master’s Degree abroad?

    Well, even though working experiences are important in this field, my undergraduate background makes it hard for me to find a relevant job in a hotel. However, if I go to the US to study Hospitality Management, I will be qualified to get a good job in the hotel market. This is the fastest way to reach my goals. Moreover, I have received the admission letter from FIU, I really cherish this opportunity to study there, so I hope I can get your support.

    11. Can you explain why 90% students didn’t come back?

    I’m not sure about their ideas, but my career goals are to become a senior executive in a 5 star hotel within 5 years and then set up my own hotel within 10 years. Basically speaking, China is the most suitable place for me to achieve my goals. On one hand, I can get the strongest relationship and money support in China since my parents and most of my friends live here. On the other hand, China is more suitable to start business because of its huge labor market, lower investment costs and the government support. In comparison, hospitality industry and education are highly developed in the US, there is no shortage of talented people, the competition there is higher, so this will be difficult for me to reach my goals. In addition, China is very short of talented people in star hotels, especially those with good foreign language skills and foreign educational backgrounds. I can speak 2 foreign languages, so with the advanced education in the US and my knowledge about Chinese cultures, I will gain the upper hand in the Chinese hotel market.  

    12. Who will support the costs of your studies?

    My parents will support the costs of my studies. They have fixed income, stock earnings and bank savings for many years. My mother works as (母亲职位) and her annual income this year is about (今年年收入). My father works as (父亲职位)and his annual income this year is about (今年年收入). Here are their Certificates of Employment and Income and my family asset.

    13. What will you do if you don’t get this Visa?

    If I didn't get this Visa this time, I would definitely try for another time, one time failure won't make me give up chasing my goals. But I have received the admission letter from FIU and I really cherish this opportunity to study there, so I sincerely hope I can get your support.

    14. Why don’t you want to study in other countries?

    As far as I know, many European countries like UK and Switzerland have a short period of education for Master’s Degree, one year or one year and a half at most. This kind of educational system is not very good for me to digest the knowledge, considered that I have no educational background in Hospitality Management before. Moreover, they are smaller countries compared to the US, so their markets are smaller. There won’t be many internship opportunities for me.

    15. What will you do during your vacations in America?

    I will do some part-time job in hotels that my University provides during my vacations, so I can consolidate my knowledge with practice and enrich my experiences.

    16. You can also make more of this kind of money in the US, don’t you want to earn more?

    Compared to Chinese hotels, American hotels may pay more salaries to their staff. However, that’s not my final goal, my final goal is to set up my own hotel and be my own boss, this will get much more benefits than working for others in a hotel. In order to set up my own hotel, I must start off by working in China, so I can enlarge my social network here. Besides, China is more suitable for starting business because of its huge labor market, lower investment costs and the government support. In comparison, hospitality industry and education are highly developed in the US, there is no shortage of talented people, the competition there is higher, so this will be difficult for me to reach my goals.

    17. What will you study? What courses? Which course do you like best?

    I will study Strategic Management, Financial Management, Hospitality Enterprise Technologies, Hospitality Service Operations Analysis and so on. At the same time I will take electives like Marketing Management, Financial Accounting and Analysis for the Hospitality Industry. My favorite course is Marketing Management, I think it is very helpful for starting a hotel.

    18. What will you do if you can’t find a position in a 5 star hotel?

    Becoming a senior executive in a 5-star hotel is one of my career goals. I can start off by working in a lower position or working in a lower-level hotel.

    19. To how many universities have you applied? How did you apply and when did you get accepted?

    I applied to 2 universities. One is FIU and the other is University of South Carolina. They both have accepted me. But USC just informed me of my acceptance a few days ago, so I haven’t received its paper admissions. But since FIU is my priority, I decide to choose this one instead of waiting for the other one. In August I began my application process. At first I filled out an application form online and paid 30 dollars for the application fee, and then mailed my package containing my Official University Transcripts, recommendation letters, back letter etc. I got the paper admission at the end of October. (Why only two universities?) Because they are enough for me, I am interested in these two schools most and my scores met their requirements.

    20. Did you apply for these schools by yourself? How did you know them?

    Yes I applied for them all by myself. At first, I searched the ranking list on the internet and located a range, then I went to the official websites of these universities to look for more detailed information such as reputation, location, curriculum, internship, and so on, then I chose the universities that fit me most.

    21. Do you know which school is the best in your major? What else??

    Cornell is the best school and others like Nevada and Houston. (So why didn’t you apply to these schools?) Because FIU is my favorite among those Universities I was eligible to apply for.

    22. Why did you apply to the Spring Term instead of the Summer Term? What did you do after graduation?

    Because I was very busy with my major studies, exams and graduation thesis in University. I began to prepare for GMAT near the end of my graduation in my spare time, so I missed the deadline of the Summer Term application.

    23. Have you received any scholarship?

    I did apply for scholarship but I don’t know the result yet. Since my advisor told me scholarships will not be processed until after the start of the semester. But even if I didn’t get the scholarship, my parents have prepared enough money for my studies in America.

    24. Will you continue your study in America after you graduate?

    I don’t think so. After I graduate, I want to go back to China and find a job to accumulate as much working experience as I can. Hospitality Management emphasizes more on practical experience than on theories. So when I get the master’s degree, I would like to start my work as soon as possible. If I need to further my study later in my work, I will consider.

    25. Did you prepare for this Interview by yourself?

    Yes I prepared for this interview all by myself. I believe in my English ability and with the help of the Internet, I don't need to rely on anyone else. (How did you prepare for this interview?) Firstly, I log on to the official website of American embassy to get the list of the required materials and prepared for all these materials according to the list. Then I went to a forum called chasedream which discusses such things. I read the articles written by those who have successfully got the visa and learned some valuable experiences from them.

    26. Can you explain the meaning of Hospitality Management?   How do you understand it?

    Hospitality management is both a field of work and a field of study. In the work sense, it refers to management of hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, and other institutions in the hospitality industry. As a field of study, it refers to the study of the hospitality industry and its management needs.

    27. What is your study plan?

    I will primarily focus on studying Strategic Management, Hospitality Enterprises Technologies and Feasibility Studies for the Hospitality Industry. In addition, I will take electives such as Marketing Management, Financial Accounting and Analysis. These courses contain the basic knowledge that everyone who wants to start business must learn. At the same time, the school will provide an internship program which utilizes the hotels, resorts and restaurants as practice labs for its students. I can take advantage of this opportunity to consolidate my knowledge with practice.

    28. What is your career plan? What will you do in the future?

    After finishing my Master’s program, I will come back to China and work in a hotel in my hometown Hainan. My short-term goal is to become a senior executive in a 5 star hotel within 5 years and my long term goal is to set up my own hotel within 10 years. Specifically speaking, I will start off by preparing sufficient capital, social network and China’s hotel market information by working in China’s hotel industry for 3 or 4 years. When I have improved my ability and gathered enough experiences in this area, I will be able to set up my own hotel. My hotel will apply the advanced Western technology and patterns I have learned in the US into China’s special conditions, making it suitable for China’s market. And as my hotel brand is becoming mature, I will expand my business to the other parts of China. (Why in Hainan?) Because I have been living here most of my life, I am familiar with this place and most of my relatives and friends are here, so they will give me a lot of help, support and advice in my business. Meanwhile, Hainan is recognized as an International Tourism Island, tourism is its pillar industry. More and more international star hotels have been located here such as Hilton, Marriot, Sheraton etc, so its hospitality industry is very promising.

    29. What is your academic background?

    I graduated from Xi’an International Studies University this year in July. My Major was German.

    30. What did you do for this half year after you graduated?

    I prepared for my GMAT test and University applications at home. And when FIU informed me of my admissions in October, I started to prepare for some preschool work it requires and then for my Visa.

    31. Your parents both work in the government, why do you want to work in a hotel?

    Everyone has different dreams and goals. My goals are to become a senior executive in a 5-star hotel within 5 years and set up my own hotel within 10 years. I am also interested in hotels.

    32. How much do you know about FIU? (这里我说到校长的时候,VO笑了一下就让我不用说了=_=?)

    It’s a public university with 69 years of history. It has two campuses both located in Miami, Florida. Its current president is Mark Rosenberg. It is ranked among the top 100 public universities in the US. And its school of hospitality and tourism management has the highest ranked hospitality and tourism program in the southeast United States, the program is ranked 6th. Its undergraduate international business programs are ranked among the top 15 and graduate programs among the top 25. It has about 40,000 students.

    33. Does anyone else help you make your career plan?

    No, I made my plan by myself. I have always been interested in hotels and during my vacations in the resort where my cousin was working, I developed more interests in hotel work and made up my mind to start my business in the hotel industry in future.

    34. Who is your advisor?

    The school official told me we don’t have any specific research advisors in this program since it’s coursework only. But I do bring the biography of some of the professors who will teach me some major courses. Would you like to see?

    35. How much will you earn after you come back?

    My short term goal is to become a senior executive in a 5 star hotel, and according to the hotel information, hotel executives are ranked 6th among China’s top 10 occupations that pay million salaries, but what I want is not just a job but a career. My final goal is to set up a hotel in China like the 7 Days Inn, and such a budget hotel can make benefits about 1 million yuan a year. And when my hotel brand is becoming mature, I will expand my business to the other parts of China, at that time, the benefits will be considerable.

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  • 拒签给黄色221g行政审理单是什么原因?还可以再次办理签证吗?如果给了黄色221g行政审理单需要准备哪些材料?
     221g行政审理单是因缺失材料而非拒签,申请人需要提交签证官要求的资料,以便签证官继续考虑你的申请。如果签证官没有要求任何资料提交,那请等待使馆的通知。你不能在行政审理等待期间再次申请同种类签证。
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  • 我现在持有美国的B1/B2的十年旅游签证,如果我的丈夫在美国读博持F1签证,那么我申请F2陪读签证的话,我的B1/B2的签证还有效吗?
    你的B类签证还是有效的,请根据你的访问目的使用何种签证。
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  • 请问一下我12年因为资料准备不足且时间较为仓促被拒签,后来去过日本,今年再签会受影响吗?
    签证面谈不是求职面试,签证官们不是按指令行事或者什么其他的,没有预先的条条框框,比如必须先去过日本才能来申请美国签证。很多人被拒签后,随着时间的推移自身情况有所改变从而最终获得了签证。
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  • 父母是白本签证,想来参加毕业典礼,签过的可能性大吗?
    之前的旅行记录不会作为对赴美旅行的要求。有太多的学生家长在申请美国签证前没有出过国,即使这样只要他们可以证明在中国有足够强的约束力。
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  • 请问去过伊朗,对美签有影响吗?
    不用担心,去过哪些国家并不重要,签证官会问一些关于你此次赴美旅行的相关问题。 
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  • F1 学生的合法身份有多久?
    首先区别学生签证,签证是美国签证官给予学生允许半年自由进入美国的批准,一旦学生进入美国就读,就由学生签证转化为学生身份,只要学生是全日制的在读学生,就可以维持学生身份,一般本科4+1 年,研究生硕士2+1 年,博士5+1 年,在美国F1 的合法身份最长的时间可以呆8 年。
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  • 我的美国朋友能直接与领事咨询我的申请吗?
    为了给美国公民提供一个与领事直接对话的机会,签证处将安排一位领事在每星期一、星期三、星期五下午 4 点到 5 点出面接待。咨询的原则是谁先到谁先问。上述三天下午 4 点到使馆的所有美国公民将有一次与一位领事对话的机会,下午 4 点以后到达的任何一位咨询者将在时间允许的范围内被接待。下午 4:30 以后将不接待任何人。
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  • 若我对签证申请手续或签证案不满, 该怎么办?
    所有申请人都有权力得到礼貌的、高效的、平等的待遇。若您觉得在申请签证时受到了不公正的待遇,请给总领事发传真说明事情经过。若经调查属实,签证官将加以改正。
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  • 拒签后, 如果我让一位高级官员或一位美国朋友与签证官联系,对我是否有帮助?
    没有帮助。签发和拒发签证的权力是由美国法律授予驻海外签证官的。对签证案的最后决定权掌握在签证官手里。而且美国法律不允许签证官的权力受外界影响。申请人应通过新的材料来证明自己与中国的关系,改变签证官的决定。 
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  • 必须参加 TOEFL、SAT、GRE 和GMAT 的考试,才能得到留学签证吗?是否需要达到一定分数才能得到签证?
    一般情况下,申请人不必为了取得签证而参加任何特殊的考试。不过签证官注意到学习态度积极而认真的学生,经常在申请美方学校时,参加这类考试。参加一项或多项此类考试,对证明申请人重视留学计划有帮助。
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  • 我是否要隐瞒我在美国有近亲、我正在申请移民、我曾被拒签过等事实?如果我对使馆有所隐瞒、提供错误信息或假文件会有什么后果?
    造假的后果非常严重。申请人提供错误信息、隐瞒有关事实,或做不属实的陈诉,都有可能永远被拒绝进入美国。所有批准了的签证申请还会与电脑记录核对,以确定申请表上的某些信息是否与事实相符。中国的申请人有亲戚在美国或曾申请移民是常见的。这类情况不会妨碍申请人获得签证。但故意隐瞒事实的人将被拒签。
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  • 我是否可以提前给使馆发信或传真,让签证官了解我的情况及我与中国的牢固关系?
    提前给签证官写信没有用。您应该在面谈时带上这封信和其它材料。面谈的地方才是审核申请人材料的最恰当的场合。
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  • 我所在公司和我的美国朋友写信保证我会回到中国,可我仍被认为归国理由不充分, 为什么?
    美国法律不允许其他人代替签证官行使权力、衡量申请人的整体情况。保证信不能证明申请人在美国之外的关系。让地位高的人写信担保与此类似,它不能自动证明申请人无移民倾向。但是,签证官会将它同其它文件一起纳入考虑的范围。
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  • 我告诉签证官我父母在中国,我肯定会回来。我是独生子, 我会回来照顾双亲时, 签证官仍认为我的回国理由不充分,为什么?
    经验表明,独生子也会在美国无限期滞留。独生子只是个人条件之一,单凭这条拿签证是不够的。
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  • 为何许多被拒签的申请人都得到相同的文件说明被拒签的理由?例如:留学签证和旅游签证的拒签理由总该不同吧?
    大多数签证申请都是依据《美国移民和国籍法》中的第 214 (b) 款被拒签的。大多数被拒签的人均是由于不能提供在美国以外有足够的证据,证明自己在美国短暂停留后肯定回国。许多人都认为有一份文件或一种特殊的回答可以使他在几天或几星期后再申请时得到签证。这种文件或回答是不存在的。申请人被拒签是因为整体情况不符合条件。申请人应在整体情况有了较大变化后再申请签证。比如:刚毕业的无业学生,应在就业一段时间后再申请签证。
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  • 我已被美国学校录取,并有 I-20 表格,为什么仍不够获得留学签证的资格?
    由美国移民局批准的 I20 表格只是签证官要审查的材料之一。请记住,根据《美国移民和国籍法》中第 214 (b)款的规定,所有非移民签证申请人必须证明他们在美国短暂停留后会离开,留学签证申请人也必须证明其在美国完成学业后会离开美国。多数赴美留学的人要在美国呆几个月或几年,这样签证官在决定是否签发签证前,一定要全面衡量申请人的条件。如果申请人的情况显示其赴美目的不是学习,而是在美长期居留,他肯定会被拒签。因此,即使学校已经录取了您并发给您I-20 表,但也仅是签证官要考察的众多因素之一。 
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  • 申请签证时,我已向签证官表示在美国做短暂停留后,一定返回中国,为什么签证官不相信我?
    签证官必须先衡量您的整体情况,然后再决定是否发给您签证。虽然本人的口头陈述对获得签证有一定帮助,但是根据美国法律规定,仅凭口头保证不能证明您符合非移民签证的条件。 
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  • 为什么面谈时间那么短,签证官只问了我一两个问题,而且几乎连我的文件都没看就拒签了我的申请?
    签证官每年要处理成千上万份签证申请。凭经验,签证官可以迅速审看签证表格和其它辅助材料以减少提问。请记住,签证官所需信息绝大部分已在签证申请表上,通常无需多问问题。
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  • 我递交的文件是按要求准备的,可仍被拒签了,我究竟还需要带什么文件?
    递交的文件并不能说明问题,而是文件上所显示的您的整体情况不能够推翻您有移民倾向的假设。请牢记,美国法律假定您有移民倾向,而您必须能证明您的整体情况迫使您在访美后离美回国。
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  • 被拒签的申请人是否必须等到 3至6 个月后,才可再次申请签证?
    拒签后对何时再次申请并没有时间限制。只要能提交能够证明您符合得到非移民签证条件的补充文件或证明,您就可以重新申请。一般是在前次签证的两周后才能预约到签证面谈。
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  • 如果拒签是基于 214 条(b)款,就再不能申请签证了吗?
    不是。如果您已备有第一次申请时签证官未曾审阅过的新材料。或自前一次被拒签后,您的整体情况已有显著改变。并且您能在美国境外建立具有说服力的关系,您就能再次申请签证。
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  • 美国第一次拒签以后第二次再申请 VISA 容易吗?
    美国签证每次都是独立审核和面试的,一般因资金、目的、材料不齐、移民倾向等原因拒签没有什么影响,只要认真准备同样机会很大。因为面签的主观因素,实际上很多学生都是‘签’和‘签’过的。因此‘签’失败没有什么,而且美国签证官原则上有回避原则,即‘签’一般不会再由‘签’的签证官受理。
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  • 为什么美国‘签证法’这么严格?
    美国是一个开放的社会。对在其国内的旅游者并不象其它国家那样加以控制,比如强迫旅游者在当地政府登记。为了让外国人毫无负担地在美国旅游,外国人有责任在获得留学签证前证明自己会离美回国。美国移民法要求签证官把每个申请人都看作有移民意图,除非申请人能证明自己无此目的。
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  • 什么是牢固的“约束力”?
    牢固的约束力因国家、城市和个人情况的不同而不同。约束力是指迫使您在祖国或某地居住的各种关系,如: 您的财产、职业、社会及家庭关系。个人的工作和收入、住宅或公寓、汽车、亲近的家庭成员及银行存款等都包括在内。签证官采用分别处理的方法来研究申请人的职业、社会、文化和其它关系。由于年轻的申请人无法建立这些关系,签证官就要审查他们赴美的确切意图、家庭情况及其在国内的长期发展计划和前景。所有签证申请都依据法律,被单独处理。
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  • 为什么学生要申请财政资助签证的机率才大?
    美国F1/M1采用的是面签,签证官首先查看学校的I-20 表。美国大学一般只给合格或优秀的学生发财政资助,在I-20 表的第7 项和第8 项就能体现,并且表明学生在美国的学习费用的负担也相对较小,可以更安心学习。实际签证的情况,也是有奖学金和财政资助的学生的签证成功率一般要比全自费的学生高很多。
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  • 签证官判断是否给我 VISA 的标准是什么?
    签证官判断是否给你VISA 主要是从三个原则:第一,你是否是一个真实的学生,并且是否能在英语与学术上完成美国的学位学习;第二,是否有足够和稳定的资金来完成美国的学习;第三,是否有移民倾向,当然这个是最难解释和最主观的因素。此外,签证官也考虑你与国内的联系,包括:家庭联系,资金联系,事业联系等。
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  • 我要去美国, 应提前多久申请签证?
    在收到学校录取通知书和 I-20 表之后,你需在报到日期前的90 天内申请签证。使馆规定,如果申请者在报到日期之前90 天之前申请,使馆将不会受理,所有的F1 申请人必须持有录取学校发放的有效I-20 表。且获签后入境只能提前一个月,一般来说春季入学的学生签证时间为11 月和12 月,秋季入学的的学生签证时间为5-8 月。如果过了开学时间,一般延期1至2 周没有问题,如果延期更长时间则需要学校的延期信。
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